Every person differs in the way they think, perceive things and react to different situations. Their feelings, behavior, and thoughts often vary widely from each other. As such, it is quite common that a considerable portion of the human population will lie quite far away from the median of the bell curve drawn based on human perception, feelings, and reactions. There is nothing weird about this as long as each person has stable behavioral patterns.
However, when a person starts showing symptoms of rapid mood changes, commonly known as mood swings, it may be a matter of concern, especially if there seems to be no apparent reason for the same. Swift mood swings that occur without any particular cause can be indicative of mental health problems in individuals.
Mood swings – usual or not?
Having mood swings is normal. In fact, a person who doesn’t exhibit mood swings in response to different situations may be considered to be abnormal. Mood swings occur in response to sudden stress, problems in life, insufficient sleep, sudden ecstasy, emotional changes and much more. Immediate changes in mood are also seen during pregnancy, in women suffering from premenstrual syndrome, menopausal women, and youth in their puberty period. Such mood swings are perfectly normal and aren’t at all a matter of concern. However, if there seems to be no apparent reason for the change in mood, then it may indicate other problems, most importantly mental illness.
Why do mental health problems occur?
Though a lot of improvement has been achieved in the field of medical science, yet till today, it is quite impossible to determine a particular reason or factor that could cause mental illness in
individuals. As such, the cause of poor mental health may be attributed to the combined effects of a variety of psychological, environmental and biological factors like family history,
substance abuse, trauma or injury, extreme stress and depression, child abuse, and so on.
Different types of mental illnesses
Diagnosis of the mental health problem is usually based on the symptoms exhibited by an individual. Common disorders that an individual may be diagnosed with are as follows:
- Bipolar disorder
- Anxiety disorder
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Borderline personality disorder
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
However, this list isn’t all-inclusive. Various other mental illnesses have been diagnosed in humans across the world and can affect a person’s life in varying degrees of severity.
Common symptoms of mental illness
Though unexplained mood swings are a common symptom in the majority of people suffering from poor mental health, there are some other common symptoms as well. These symptoms, when exhibited frequently, can indicate mental illness. Here are some of the most common symptoms:
- Impulsive behavior
- Risky behavior
- Chronic anxiety
- Ebbing energy
- Lack of self-control
- Lack of empathy
- Low self-esteem
- Erratic thought patterns
- Loss of interest in socializing
- Difficulty in anger management
- Suicidal or paranoiac behavior
Though these symptoms may indicate mental illness, yet the presence of one or more of them in a person may not always mean that he/she is suffering from mental disorders. These symptoms may also be a regular part of an individual’s behavior. It makes the identification of deteriorating mental health very difficult at an early stage.
What should you do?
If you know someone who has been having a lot of rapid mood changes recently and also shows other symptoms of mental illness, it would be best to consult a doctor immediately. Signs of mental illness are usually tough to identify until at quite a developed stage, and hence, there must be no delay once you start recognizing the symptoms. A certified psychiatrist will be able to diagnose the exact cause and type of illness and suggest the best course of action for the treatment of the problem.
The incidence of mental illness has increased rapidly over the last decade or so and has affected the lives of many across the world. Unlike other diseases, mental illness is complicated to fight. As such, your loved ones need immediate treatment and unrelenting support to recover from the illness and get back the healthy life they once lived. So, be on the lookout for symptoms and seek medical help immediately if you feel concerned.